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Types of Succulents

There are plenty of different succulent varieties but here, we have grouped them into 9 types of succulents to help you classify your succulents with ease.

9 common types of succulents classified into genera.

Echeveria

Echeveria in a potted plant. Classified by thick-leaved rosettes that are fleshy and have a waxy appearance.
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Echeverias have thick-leaved rosettes and are most often the succulent you’re used to seeing. The leaves are fleshy and have a waxy appearance. You’ll find that they are often coloured and firm to the touch. Echeverias are generally slow-growing and stay around the 30-centimetre mark.

Aeonium

Purple Aeonium which has a rosette formation and leaves that are flat, round and thin.
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Aeoniums also have a rosette formation, but its leaves are less round and fleshy and instead are thin, like a flower’s petals. Aeoniums are arguably more colourful than echeverias and can grow to a much larger 150 centimetres. A lot of avid succulent growers graft different succulents onto their aeonium stems because it creates a more decorative look to their woody stems.

Senecio

Senecio Serpens aka Blue Chalksticks being used as a ground cover.
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Succulents from the Senecio genus bloom daisy-like flowers. Their leaf has a more grass-like shape, extending in long plump blades that point upward. They come in a variety of blue, green and white shades. Blue Chalksticks or Senecio Serpens is a landscape designer’s staple because they make a great landscaping option to use as a ground cover.

Cactus

Different types of cacti in varying sizes of terracotta pots.
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Cacti, often found in the desert, have spines and reduced branches to hold water. They have a shallow root system and grow relatively slowly compared to other succulent types. Cacti can range in size from a few centimetres tall like the Arizona snowcap cactus, or a few metres tall like the Saguaro cactus.

Crassula

Crassula Ovata which has flat, round leaves that create a lush foliage cover.
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Crassulas have flat, round leaves that create a lush head of foliage. The most common Crassula is the Jade Plant or Crassula Ovata, because you can grow them both indoors and outdoors. They can grow to 150 centimetres in height. You can easily propagate by trimming a branch with sharp scissors and sticking the end into moist soil. Check out our succulent propagation article on other ways to propagate your succulents.

Sempervivum

Sempervivum with a purple gradient.
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Sempervivums also have a rosette shape and leaves with pointed edges. The tips of its leaves can turn a different colour like purple or pink under light stress that will give it a gradient leaf colour. Sempervivums’ pointed leaf rosettes give the succulent the appearance of a flower so try using Sempervivums as part of your indoor succulent arrangement. It will give your home a nice flowery pop that lasts all year round.

Kalanchoe

A variegated Kalanchoe with pink, white and blue markings.
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Kalanchoes are native to Madagascar but are now often seen in florist shops or garden centres. They are loved for their thick leaves and a wonderful display of brightly coloured flowers.

Haworthia

Haworthia Cooperi being illuminated by the light thorough its translucent leaves.
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Haworthias look like jelly or bubbles as the tips of their leaves are semi-translucent, allowing light to penetrate the leaf’s surface. Haworthias are commonly only found in shades of green and vary in their cluster sizes.

Sedum

Sedum 'AutumnJoy' covered in a head of vibrant, pink flowers.
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Sedum contains more than 400 species of succulents, making it one of the largest succulent genera. They commonly have flat, jagged, fleshy leaves and brightly coloured flowers.

That concludes our 9 types of succulents categorised into genera. Check out our other recent posts!

If you would like to start a succulent collection, here’s a good option to accumulate over 200 succulents: