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Peach Tree (Prunus persica) Care Guide

The peach tree (Prunus persica) originated in China but have since been successfully grown all over the world in cooler climates.

While cherry blossom festivals in Japan are famous worldwide, peach blossoms are not to be forgotten. Voyapon provides a few suggestions on where and when to see peach blossoms in Japan.

Common Problems

  1. Leaf curl – This is caused by a fungus. To prevent this, use a copper-based fungicide. However, once it happens, it is too late to do anything that season. Simply remove the affected leaves, spray the tree and wait for it to recover in due course.
  2. Yellow leaves – This is caused by lack of watering. Always deep water your peach tree.

Common Mistakes

  1. Forgetting to spray regularly with fungicide to prevent leaf curl.
  2. Not watering the peach tree sufficiently.
  3. Irregular pruning. Prune at least once a year as that will encourage fruit production.

Care Requirements & Guide

Watering: Deep watering will encourage the roots of a peach tree to grow deeply. The surface soil may be allowed to dry out between watering. But the soil should be kept moist at the root level which is approximately 10 to 15 cm below the surface.

Light: Peach trees thrive in full sun, where they receive 6 to 8 hours of sunshine a day.

Temperature: Peach trees grow in most temperate regions, where they need approximately 600 hours of chilling at around 7 degrees celsius to trigger fruiting.

Soil: Peach trees can grow in most soil conditions. However, they prefer loamy soils.

Fertiliser:  Peach trees prefer nitrogen-based fertilisers. The best time to fertilise is during growing season. 

Propagation: Peach trees can be grown from seed or propagated via cuttings. Simply take a woody cutting, dust it with rooting hormone and let nature do its job.

Fun Fact about Peach Trees

Peach trees bloom in winter, not spring (unlike cherry trees), which is great as it means they will provide a cheerful display in winter when therest of the garden is bare. I made this rookie mistake when I used to tell visitors that I have a very confused tree. Eventually, I realised that my peach tree was doing exactly what it was meant to do!

To encourage more fruit, pollinate open blooms using a soft brush, since very few insects will be out in winter when peach trees blossom.

Where to Buy Peach Trees

Belle of Georgia Peach Tree