Hydroponic gardening refers to the technique of growing plants in nutrient-rich water instead of soil
There are 2 main methods of hydroponic gardening.
For the first method, submerge roots directly into nutrient-rich water that is maintained at a pH level of between 5.8 to 6.8.
The second method involves growing the plant in a container filled with a soil-less mixture which may include coconut fiber, perlite or sand. The entire container is suspended above another container which is filled with water or directly submerged into it. This method of hydroponics is also known as hydroculture.
Hydroponics requires aeration
The main thing to note about hydroponics is that it is not merely a method where you submerge the roots of a plant into water as an alternative to using soil. The roots of most plants will die in stagnant water (other than plants that grow in water). All plant roots need air. Therefore, ensure that roots are well-aerated. You achieve this by ensuring that the water is constantly moving.
Hydroponic gardening is great for growing herbs or vegetables
The benefits of hydroponic gardening for herbs and vegetables include bigger harvests, crops that grow faster, and reduction in pests and diseases. Smaller homes (including apartments) are suitable for hydroponic gardening using speciality kits. It gives indoor gardeners the joy of growing and harvesting their own crops right next to their kitchen.
What to Grow in Hydroponic Garden
We suggest trying your hand in growing the following vegetables in your hydroponic garden:
- Leafy greens – kale and pak choy
- Herbs – basil
- Bell peppers
or even a variety seed pack with several different vegetables carefully selected for hydroponic gardening.
What Not to Grow in Hydroponic Garden
There are some plants and crops that you should not grow in a hydroponic garden. It will be a waste of time as they will not thrive. Plants that grow very tall (eg. corn), plants that grow on a vine (eg. grapes) and root vegetables (eg. carrots) are not suitable for hydroponic gardening.
Video on How to Make a Hydroponic Garden
If you are handy with tools and would like to start a hydroponic garden outdoors, here’s a video which shows you how to do so.
Hydroponic Gardening Products
If you are not so handy with tools, prefer to grow your crops indoors or just want to to ensure your greatest success in hydronic gardening, complete kits may suit you better. These hydroponic gardening kits will include all that you need, eg. liquid nutrients that get the water to the right pH and nutrient levels, an aeration system and the right media for growing plants in.