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Outdoor Gardening Seeds

6 Vegetable Seeds to Plant in Fall

Growing vegetables from seeds is an economical approach to starting up your vegetable garden and putting food on your table. To encourage the beginner to vegetable gardening, we have put together a short list of vegetables that are easy to grow from seeds in Autumn.

Here are our pick of 6 vegetable seeds to plant in Autumn.

1. Broccoli

Sow broccoli seeds ¼ to ½ inch (6 to 13 mm) deep in good quality soil or potting mix. Leave 12 inches (30 cm) between plants and 18 inches (45 cm) between rows. Plant broccoli seeds far apart as closer spacing will reduce the number of side shoots formed.

Broccoli – Calabrese produces a short, 24 inch plant with medium-large heads. It withstands cold well and is best used for a fall crop.

2. Brussel Sprouts

Sow broccoli seeds ¼ to ½ inch (6 to 13 mm) deep in good quality soil or potting mix. Plant broccoli seeds far apart as coser spacing will reduce the number of side shoots formed. Allow 2 to 3 inches (5 to 8 cm) between plants and 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 cm) between rows. If started indoors, they must be hardened off 7 to 10 days before transplanting.

Brussels Sprouts – Long Island Catskill produces miniature cabbage-like heads which are extremely tasty and nutritious in 90 to 120 days.

3. Cauliflower

Cauliflower take up quite a bit of space, need rich, deep soil and need plenty of watering, just like broccoli. Sow cauliflower seeds ¼ to ½ inch (6 to 13 mm) deep in good quality soil or potting mix. Plant cauliflower seeds far apart as coser spacing will reduce the number of side shoots formed. Allow 12 inches (30 cm) between plants and 18 inches (45 cm) between rows.

Cauliflower – Snowball/Self-blanche (White) produces flavorful snow ball type cauliflower in 65 days.

4. Mustard

Mustard green seeds can be planted 3 weeks before the last frost date. Plant the seeds just under the soil about ½ inch (13 mm) apart. After seedlings have sprouted, they may be thinned to 3 inches (7.5 cm apart). Grow them in full sun or partial shade and provide plenty of water during growing season.

Mustard – Old Fashion is super easy to grow and produces good yields of flavorful dark green mustard leaves in 45 days.

5. Pumpkin

Pumpkins need space to grow, a sunny position, moisture-retentive soil and shelter from cold wind. Make individual planting pockets in the soil with depth and width of a spade and 6 ft (1.8 m) apart. Fill the pockets with compost or manure before planting one seed in each pocket. Keep pumpkins well-watered.

Pumpkin – Jack O’ Lantern is a popular pumpkin variety that produces 10 pound fruits that are thick walled, and smooth skinned, round to slightly oblong.

The thick flesh is good for cooking, but really shines as a carving pumpkin.

6. Snow Peas

Snow peas are easy to grow in fall because they are frost-hardy. Plant snow peas seeds about 1 to 1½ inches (2.5 to 3.5 cm) deep and 1 inch (2.5 cm)  apart, with 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) between rows. Do not plant snow peas in direct sunlight.

Pea, Oregon Giant has unusually large, thick pods that grow up to 5″ long. The vines grow 30-36 inches tall and are heavy producers making this variety one of the best producing snow peas available.

To ensure your success in planting these seeds, our list of 10 mistakes to avoid for successful seed sowing may be useful.

What Other Vegetable Seeds Should I Grow in Fall?

Here are some of our suggestions of seed packs which you could try growing.

The Fall/Winter Harvest Seed Bank includes a collection of all the seeds you need to grow your favorite fall and winter crops. These seeds thrive in cold weather and are extremely hardy. 
The All-in-One Fall & Winter Season Variety Pack includes a collection of all the seeds you need to grow your favorite fall and winter crops, including arugula, basil, broccoli, brussel sprouts, carrot, cauliflower, cilantro/coriander, mustard, kale, lettuce, onion, radish & spinach.  
The All-In-One Root Crop Variety Pack includes an assortment of 15 popular varieties including beet, carrot, radish, rutabaga, turnip and parsnip.